In 1919, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson won the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as the leading architect of the League of Nations. The primary goals included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration. The Senate refused to ratify the agreement, rejecting Article 10 which required the U.S. to respect the territorial integrity of member states. The League would go on to 1943, albeit in a reduced role once the situation in Europe escalated into war.
In 1939, FDR and Churchill drafted the Declaration for today's United Nations. It took until 1945 for the United Nations to be founded, aimed at establishing a mechanism for facilitating international cooperation in law, in security, economic development, social progress, human rights and achieving world peace.
One of the first international issues turned over to the U.N. to resolve was the Palestinian/Israeli conflict which the UN continued to tackle over the past 75 years with mixed results. What worked and what did not? What role the U.S. has played in this process. 75 years after its founding, let us take a critical look at the UN as an instrument of world peace, what it does and at what cost. Let us examine the role played by the US at the UN and the extent that we as a nation capitalize on this global forum to meet our needs as a country and most powerful world power.
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